Six species of Ephedra viz. E. pachyclada, E. intermedia var. tibetica, E. saxatilis var. sikkimensis, E. gerardiana £.. nebrodensis var. procera and E. regeliana grow wild in the north west Himalayan region and are all shrubby. E. joliata var. ciliata grows widely as a scandent shrub, climbing over small trees in the southern part of the Punjab and Rajasthan. It is usually cultivated in gardens and in other places.