Author: admin

  • INSECTIVOROUS PLANTS IN AMERICA

    INSECTIVOROUS PLANTS IN AMERICA

    Insectivorous Plants in America : A Fascinating World of Carnivorous Flora Insectivorous plants, also known as carnivorous plants, are a group of fascinating flora that have developed unique strategies for supplementing their nutrient-deficient soils by capturing and digesting insects. While the Americas are home to several species of insectivorous plants, they are relatively less studied than their…

  • TOP 7 MOST USEFUL PLANTS FOR HOME IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    TOP 7 MOST USEFUL PLANTS FOR HOME IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    TOP 7 MOST USEFUL PLANTS FOR HOME IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA The United States is home to a wide variety of plant species that have been utilized for centuries by indigenous peoples and settlers alike for their medicinal, culinary, and other practical purposes. These plants are not only useful but also play an important…

  • WHAT IS PALAEOBOTANY

    WHAT IS PALAEOBOTANY

    Palaeobotany is the study of plant life of geological past (Le. the study of plant fossils). The earth has undergone large climatic changes over billion years of its geologic past. During this period of drastic weather changes, most of the plants died and their remains were decomposed. However, a few plants which escaped decay and decomposition,…

  • FUNGI – DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS, CLASSIFICATION​

    FUNGI – DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS, CLASSIFICATION​

    The term ‘Fungi’ is used for those plants which lack chlorophyll and are, therefore, heterotrophic. Being the members of Thallophyta, their plant body is simple and is not differentiated into root, stem and leaves. The branch that deals with fungi is known as ‘Mycology’. It included the study of mushrooms only to begin with. The credit for…

  • ALGAE – DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS, CLASSIFICATION, EXAMPLES​

    ALGAE – DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS, CLASSIFICATION, EXAMPLES​

    ALGAE – DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS, CLASSIFICATION, EXAMPLES​ Algae and Fungi were first included in the group cryptogamia, established by Linnaeus. Later, this group was divided into Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Of these, Thallophyta included Algae and Fungi. The group Thallophyta shows following characteristics. Absence of differentiation into stem, root and leaves. Sex organs generally unicellular, if multicellular, sterile envelope or jacket is…

  • SELAGINELLA (SMALL CLUB MOSS)

    SELAGINELLA (SMALL CLUB MOSS)

    CLASSIFICATION OF SELAGINELLA (SMALL CLUB MOSS) Kingdom :-  Plantae Division :- Pteridophyta Sub-division :- Lycopsida Class :-  Lycopodiopsida Order :- Selaginellales Family :- Selaginellaceae Genus :- Selaginella   EXTERNAL FEATURES OF SELAGINELLA (SMALL CLUB MOSS) Many species are prostrate, creeping on the ground e.g. S. kraussiana, others are sub-erect e.g. S. trachyphylla or erect e.g. S. erythropus. A few species climb with the help of rhizophores…

  • PTERIDIUM (BRACKEN FERN)

    PTERIDIUM (BRACKEN FERN)

    CLASSIFICATION OF PTERIDIUM (BRACKEN FERN) Kingdom :-  Plantae Division :- Pteridophyta Sub-division :- Pteropsida Class :- Leptosporangiatae Order :- Filicales Family :- Polypodiaceae Genus :- Pteridium Pteridium is cosmopolitan. It is widely distributed along the entire Himalayan tract. It grows particularly well at altitudes between 1,000 to 3,000 meters. P. aquilinum is found on forest floors, mountain slopes, open grasslands, etc.   EXTERNAL MORPHOLOGY OF PTERIDIUM (BRACKEN…

  • PSILOTUM

    PSILOTUM

    CLASSIFICATION OF PSILOTUM Kingdom :-  Plantae Division :- Pteridophyta Sub-division :- Psilotopsida Class :- Polypodiopsida Order :- Psilotales Family :- Psilotaceae Genus :- Psilotum   EXTERNAL FEATURES OF PSILOTUM​ The plant body may be pendent or erect and dwarfed (about 8 cm high) or may reach a height of 75-100 cm. It is differentiated into A basal rhizomatous system Aerial branches. Basal rhizomatous system is subterranean, brown…

  • NEPHROLEPIS (SWORD FERN)​

    NEPHROLEPIS (SWORD FERN)​

    CLASSIFICATION OF NEPHROLEPIS (SWORD FERN)​ Kingdom :-  Plantae Division :- Pteridophyta Sub-division :- Pteropsida Class :- Leptosporangiatae Order :- Filicales Family :- Polypodiaceae Genus :- Nephrolepis It is commonly found in tropics, but a few species like Nephrolepis acuta, N. tube rosa, etc. are also grown as ornamentals.   EXTERNAL MORPHOLOGY OF NEPHROLEPIS (SWORD FERN)​ The plant body IS a sporophyte. It is differentiated into roots, rhizome…